Thursday, July 10, 2014

Learning Latin with Pope Francis - July 3, 2014


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July 3, 2014



Literal translation of the Latin: Dearest young people, may you give up neither hope nor your plans to make a more just society.

Here's how the Latin works.


Latin
English
Parsing
Grammar Points
Iuvenes
young people
voc. pl. masc. noun
iuvenis, iuvenis
dilectissimi
dearest
nom. pl. adj.
superlative from dilectus, dilecta, dilectum
neque
neither
conj.
neque … neque = neither … nor
spem
hope
acc. sing. fem. noun
spes, spei; obj. of deponatis
neque
nor


proposita
plans
acc. pl. neut. noun
propositum, propositi
vestra
your
acc. pl. neut. adj.
vester, vestra, vestrum
ad
to/for
Prep. + acc.

iustiorem
a more just
acc. sing. adj.
comparative adj. from iustus, iusta, iustum; modifies societatem
societatem
society
acc. sing. fem. noun
societas, societatis; obj. of gerund efficiendam
efficiendam
making
acc. sing. fem. gerund
efficio, efficere, effeci, effectum; gerund following ad; NB gerund takes on the gender of its object
deponatis
(may) you give up (lit. put down)
2nd pers. pl. pres. act. subj.
depono, deponere, deposui, depositum
 

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